Why are so many nations competing in Libya?

Sami Hamdi Middle East/North Africa Leave a Comment

France, Italy, the United Kingdom, the United States, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt, Sudan, Turkey, Russia, Qatar, Germany, Algeria, Tunisia, Greece, Cyprus are all countries involved or caught up in the Libyan conflict that has raged throughout the country for the last six years. As militias compete for supremacy, with Haftar leading the way militarily despite his rival Fayez Serraj in …

Can Iraq’s Parliament actually force US troops to leave?

Sami Hamdi Middle East/North Africa Leave a Comment

Context Baghdad’s parliament has agreed a draft bill calling on foreign forces to leave Iraq. Few are in doubt that the law is aimed at US forces following the high-profile assassination of Iran’s most powerful and influential military general Qassem Suleimani and Iraq’s unofficial kingmaker. Suleimani was renowned for arbitrating between the Iraqi Shiite parties whenever they clashed with one …

EU finally moves on Libya, but without much leverage

Sami Hamdi Libya Leave a Comment

Where once it looked as if the international community was watching with apathy as Haftar closed in on Tripoli, there has suddenly been a flurry of diplomatic activity, particularly from the EU. Angela Merkel in the last 24 hours has spoken with Turkish President Receb Tayyeb Erdogan and Russian President Vladimir Putin about the ongoing situation in both Syria and …

How Turkey and Russia will negotiate Libya

Sami Hamdi Libya Leave a Comment

Over the past three months, Haftar has received reinforcements from Russia in his bid to take Tripoli. Advanced weapons and mercenaries from the Wagner Group have turned the tide in Haftar’s favour after what was increasingly looking like a stalemate. The GNA in Tripoli, increasingly desperate, signed a defence cooperation with Turkey, appealing to Erdogan as the EU looks on …

How China hamstrung its own Middle East policy

Sami Hamdi Middle East/North Africa

Analysts have hailed the emergence of a multipolar world after years of the US as the primary hegemon in global politics. With Russia and China flexing their muscle, and other powers such as Turkey growing in strength and influence at the expense of an increasingly paralyzed European Union, there has been a growing sense that the global tide has begun …