Putin and Erdogan set to meet: What you need to know

Erdogan will visit Moscow on 05 March to discuss the deteriorating relations between Turkey and Russia in Syria. Tensions are high with Putin reportedly having refused to visit Turkey to discuss Erdogan and insisting that any talks required the Turkish President to come to Moscow. So, what can we expect? The problem Turkey is frustrated that it has had to …

All eyes on Turkey after Haftar wins in Berlin

The Berlin conference was supposed bring about a ceasefire that would create a conducive environment for future genuine talks. Instead, Haftar refused to sign the ceasefire agreement, and the growing number of nations involved in Libya failed to find any common ground of note. German diplomats, keen to prevent the summit from being seen as a failure, are now pointing …

Why are so many nations competing in Libya?

France, Italy, the United Kingdom, the United States, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt, Sudan, Turkey, Russia, Qatar, Germany, Algeria, Tunisia, Greece, Cyprus are all countries involved or caught up in the Libyan conflict that has raged throughout the country for the last six years. As militias compete for supremacy, with Haftar leading the way militarily despite his rival Fayez Serraj in …

Can Iraq’s Parliament actually force US troops to leave?

Context Baghdad’s parliament has agreed a draft bill calling on foreign forces to leave Iraq. Few are in doubt that the law is aimed at US forces following the high-profile assassination of Iran’s most powerful and influential military general Qassem Suleimani and Iraq’s unofficial kingmaker. Suleimani was renowned for arbitrating between the Iraqi Shiite parties whenever they clashed with one …

EU finally moves on Libya, but without much leverage

Where once it looked as if the international community was watching with apathy as Haftar closed in on Tripoli, there has suddenly been a flurry of diplomatic activity, particularly from the EU. Angela Merkel in the last 24 hours has spoken with Turkish President Receb Tayyeb Erdogan and Russian President Vladimir Putin about the ongoing situation in both Syria and …

How Turkey and Russia will negotiate Libya

Over the past three months, Haftar has received reinforcements from Russia in his bid to take Tripoli. Advanced weapons and mercenaries from the Wagner Group have turned the tide in Haftar’s favour after what was increasingly looking like a stalemate. The GNA in Tripoli, increasingly desperate, signed a defence cooperation with Turkey, appealing to Erdogan as the EU looks on …